Sweet potato has more pantothenic acid and both sweet potatoes and russet potato are high in potassium. This makes simmering them in a classic chicken fricassee an expert move, as they’ll provide the perfect sweet-to-savory balance.Â, Despite its name, the jewel yam is actually a potato, which is an oft-confused subject (more on that here). Red potatoes are spherical, while the shape of white potatoes … Is peanut butter a good source of protein? Idaho’s ideal growing conditions – the rich, volcanic soil, climate and irrigation – are what differentiate Idaho® potatoes from potatoes grown in other states. They’re both starchy and sweet, so they’re a natural complement to sugar and spice. The table below contains nutritional information for 100 g of different potato varieties.As you can see, the 4 different types of potato above are very similar nutritionally. Like with other things in life, too much of anything is bad for you and the same goes for potatoes. According to the International Potato Center, there are more than 4,000 varieties of native potatoes, most of which are found in the Andes, from which they originate. If you are a fan of potatoes you have probably added them to salads and soups or mashed them up and eaten them as a side. New potatoes have a thin skin that’s destined to be crackled and sautéed, before being drizzled in an herb-infused oil. Mashed Potatoes: Should You Peel Your Potatoes? Like white potatoes, sweet potatoes originated in Central and South America, but according to NPR.org, prehistoric remnants were found in Polynesia between 1000 AD and 1100 AD.How they got there is still a bit of a mystery. Russet Potatoes. Yellow and purple potatoes for example are rich in carotenoids and flavonoids. But there are thousands of varieties of potatoes and much like the cook who’s looking for them, each are unique. They’re a waxy potato, so try roasting or braising them before you plate them to bring out their robust flavor.Â, The new potato is quite literally that—a potato that’s been unrooted before it’s had the chance to mature. They reside in the waxy category and are suitable for boiling and slicing in salads or casseroles. They are also called Russet Burbank or Burbank potato. Potatoes belong to the Solanaceae family whereas sweet potatoes belong to the Convolvulaceae family. Russets are oblong in shape. As with all potatoes, avoid those that are green and ensure you eat those that have sprouted sooner, rather than later.  Â. This means that consuming them causes a large spike in blood sugar and insulin levels, followed by a quick drop. There are many different varieties of potatoes however those with coloured skin & flesh and in particular purple ones seem to be the most nutritious. It also appears that the way in which potatoes are prepared affects their GL. Red bliss potatoes live up to their name, imparting a tender texture and delicate flavor. So should you opt for white or sweet potatoes? Non the less, for this article we will consider them to be potatoes and speak about them briefly. A Russet potato is one of the varieties of Idaho-grown potatoes. She's currently working on a local foods cookbook about Mexican cuisine. There are many types of potatoes that include an array of different nutrient sets. For example, according to the Harvard School of Public Health, potatoes appear to be a culprit for diabetes and weight gain. French Fingerling. On the plate, potatoes should be considered as a grain rather than a vegetable and should not be eaten on their own but with other vegetables such as spinach and broccoli. It’s possible that the russet potatoes had at some point in the process had this happen. It shines in this German potato salad, which is perfect for those who aren’t big on mayo.Â, The purple majesty gains its royal-tinted flesh from its anthocyanin content, so it’s both aesthetically and antioxidant rich. Potatoes are a fabulous source of fiber and nutrients (especially if you eat the skin). A medium potato contains roughly 70% of your daily requirement of vitamin C! However if potatoes are refrigerated or otherwise get too cold, their starches turn into sugars. Another study found that fresh purple potatoes were more effective at suppressing the proliferation of colon cancer cells compared to white and yellow fleshed potatoes. A: Russet potatoes are grown in many states, however, only potatoes grown in Idaho can be called Idaho® potatoes. Researchers at the University of Toronto looked at the glycemic index of potatoes as it is affected by cooking method. Idaho or Russet Potatoes. Most potatoes mainly contain carbohydrate with a little bit of protein and almost no fat. A guide to potato varieties and types: • Russet potatoes—also called old potatoes, baking potatoes, or Idaho potatoes (if they were grown in Idaho)—have an oblong, elliptical shape, and a rough, netted, brown skin with numerous eyes and white flesh. When choosing your potatoes, go for fresh and organic whenever possible. Red potatoes contain a higher ratio of water to solids than the thick-skinned, oblong russet (brown) potato. One medium (6.1 ounces or 173 grams) Russet baked potato, … Additionally, when potatoes are eaten with other foods, the GI changes. Idaho Russet potatoes are russet-skinned with white flesh. The colour of the potato is important as well. Because of this, it’s perfect for high-heat cooking, so throw it on the grill with octopus or chicken for a sensational supper.Â, The all blue is all-purpose, so you can steam it, bake it, or roast it without worry. The best russets will be both large and firm, while their skin will be thick and rough. Of the starchy variety, they make for a lovely base in mashed or baked potato recipes. Potassium plays an important role in regulating blood pressure and potatoes could help lower blood pressure in obese or overweight people. But unlike all fingerlings, its flesh is an ebullient yellow. So if you are going to eat potatoes, eat ones with coloured skin and flesh over white ones, to gain maximum health benefits. Learn more about the characteristics and cooking recommendations for each type of potato below. Sweet Potatoes: “Even though they have the word ‘sweet’ in their name, these potatoes are diabetic … These varieties are grouped into various categories including russet, white, red, yellow, purple, blue, fingering and petite. Of course the varieties sold throughout the United States and other countries are much lower, however there are still more than 100 varieties consumed. All potatoes contain similar amounts of calories, carbohydrate, protein and fat per 100 g, with carbohydrate content being the highest. Russets are best for baked (twice baked) potatoes. Flavonoids found in blue and purple potatoes are antioxidants, helping to destroy free radicals, preventing coronary heart disease and reducing inflammation. Potatoes are one of the most commonly consumed vegetables with over a billion people eating them, and for good reason. In fact, leftover white potatoes are a wonderful resource –leftover roasted potatoes are excellent fried or in a hash, while leftover mashed or whipped are used in potato pancakes or as topping on shepherd’s pie. Baked Russet potatoes have a GL of a whopping 33. Healthsomeness.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Grown to be less prone to bruising and black spots, the White Russet ™ potatoes stay white longer when cut or peeled. However, white potatoes are a little too dense to mash very well without getting gluey. Not quite. As you can see, the 4 different types of potato above are very similar nutritionally. Looking for the best dinner recipes? Starchy potatoes bloat when boiled, as water seeps into their cells to create a crumbly consistency. White bread is a excellent source of dietary fiber and great source of protein. Don’t have one yet? Fiber is also beneficial for heart health. Carotenoids are abundant in carrots, apricots and squash but are also found in certain types of potatoes. Since they are a carbohydrate rich food, they should be eaten together with a protein source such as chicken or fish – hence the saying “meat and potatoes” – and in moderation. Tuber flesh is white, dormancy is medium and sprouts are white with some purple pigment at the tip. They’re also sweeter and waxier than their older, wiser counterparts, as many of their sugars have not yet been converted to starches. Heirlooms are any cultivar that maintain their traits through open pollination, so their genetics are not interfered with by hybridization. Try this spicy chorizo and potato soup or these Israeli potato bourekas.  Whichever you choose, just be sure to double the recipe and spread the deliciousness around. The interior of a white sweet potato looks a lot like a starchy russet, while its shape and texture resemble that of a classic sweet potato. For example boiled red potatoes have a GL of 89 whereas boiled red potatoes that are refrigerated and consumed cold have a GL of 56. They also contain more sugar, giving them their sweet taste. And this study found that eating purple potatoes was linked with lower inflammation in men, compared to white potatoes. They thrive best in a hot oven with plenty of oil. Due to commercial breeding however, only certain types of sweet potato may be available at your local supermarket. Sweet potato is a great source of dietary fiber and excellent source of Vitamin A. A white boiled potato has a GL of 25. Russets grow from 4 to 6 inches (10-15 cm) long and about 2 inches (5 cm) in diameter. Orange vs. white sweet potatoes Sweet potatoes are a lower-calorie, high-fiber alternative to starchy potatoes, making them a favorite healthier alternative. Get our free cookbook when you sign up for our newsletter. The Russet is the best potato for French fries, since the starch cooks up a crisp shell while getting that fluffy light interior that makes for a perfect bite. If you are concerned about eating them, speak to your doctor before doing so. The result is the White Russet ™ potato. The White Russet ™ potatoes stay fresher-looking longer, so they’re easy to enjoy and there’s less waste too. Potato Types and Tips Video Collection. Mackenzie Stratton is a food writer who covers global cooking techniques and culture. The Real Irish Potato. They are rich in potassium,  magnesium, iron and vitamin C. All of these vitamins and minerals are important for your health. For example, 100 g of baked white potatoes has 21 grams of carbs, the same number as Russets. A fingerling potato, it contributes a waxy texture and an earthy, rich flavor. They will be more expensive, but will contain lower amounts of pesticides & other agricultural chemicals and be richer in beneficial compounds. Yukon Golds and Yellow Finns. Due to their crumbly flesh, the russets don't hold their shape well after they are cooked. White potatoes, from my understanding, actually have more sugars per serving than a Russet potato. Your best option when eating potatoes would be to boil, bake or steam them rather than deep frying, and you should eat them with other foods such as chicken or fish which are sources of lean protein. If you are going to mash them, reduce the amount of butter and cream you add as both are rich in calories. The important thing to note about consuming potatoes is portion control and preparation method. Both are higher GL ratings than a serving of jelly beans or a doughnut. grown on the farm. Is ice cream good or bad for a sore throat. They're a little higher in potassium than their more colorful brothers and sisters and a bit higher in fiber. So doesn’t that mean that all potatoes are equal in terms of how healthy they are? Light-colored spuds, like russet potatoes, have plenty of vitamins, too. Even though sweet potatoes have potato in their name, they are not really potatoes in the normal sense but are distantly related. Strengths & Weaknesses Russet Norkotah has a very attractive general appearance with a … Additionally, don’t throw away the skins, they are rich in fiber, vitamins and minerals. 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