History Hit brings you the stories that shaped the world through our award winning podcast network and an online history channel. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! But there’s more to Vladimir Lenin than his unsavory associations, and this list will demonstrate that. Not only did he honor his brother’s revolutionary life by ousting the czarist regime of Russia and replacing it with a Marxist one, he also executed the czar. There and then he started to blame God and other believers. Leninism emphasised the need for a highly committed intellectual elite – the so-called “revolutionary vanguard” – who would drive the rest of the proletariat (working-class people) towards revolution and the eventual establishment of socialism. Under this policy, which continued until a few years after his death, peasants were allowed to sell some of their produce for profit, while small traders were allowed to set up businesses. He continued to read books and study ideas b… 1871 (during) Moreover, Lenin’s high school principal (the father of Aleksandr Kerensky, who was later to lead the Provisional government deposed by Lenin’s Bolsheviks in November [October, O.S.] He eventually enrolled as an external law student at Saint Petersburg University and completed his studies there in 1891. At age 25, he was arrested and sent to Siberia, a very cold part of Russia, as punishment, but this only made him w… Taurus. Vladimir Lenin was a devout Marxist, and believed that his interpretation of Marxism—first termed 'Leninism' by Martov in 1904—was the sole authentic and orthodox one. First Name Vladimir #2. Vladimir Lenin was born in the city of Simbirsk in the Russian Empire on April 22, 1870. What Was the Legacy of World War One in the Leadership of the United States? He distinguished himself in Latin and Greek and seemed destined for the life of a classical scholar. It is difficult to identify any particular events in his childhood that might prefigure his turn onto the path of a professional revolutionary. He served as head of government of Soviet Russia from 1817 to 1924 and of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924. He launched a campaign to end the war in Russia. / 22. dubna 1870 greg. Grigori Rasputin. After the third stoke, he lost his ability to speak. The killing of Lenin’s elder brother, who had been a member of a revolutionary group, also influenced his politics. Vladimir Iljič Uljanov (rusky Владимир Ильич Ульянов), který přijal přezdívku Lenin (Ле́нин), (10. dubna jul. 1. Vladimir Lenin: The architect of Russia's 1917 Bolshevik revolution and the first leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. In 1887, he was thrown out of Kazan State University because he protested against the Tsar who was the king of the Russian Empire. Here are 10 facts about him. Suddenly, at age 17, Lenin became the male head of the family, which was now stigmatized as having reared a “state criminal.”. In spite of this, he achieved top ranking in law examinations and was awarded a law degree in 1891. Seeking Sanctuary – a History of Refugees in Britain, 8 Facts About King George IV’s Life and Reign, 12 Amazing Historical Facts Dan Snow Learned in 2020, Dan Snow’s History Hit on UK Tour Autumn 2021, How 19th Century Women Carved a Path Toward Female Suffrage. First Name Vladimir. As he grew up, Lenin was seen as an intelligent little boy. Although by May 1923 he appeared to be making a slow recovery, on 21 January 1924 he fell into a coma and died later that day. Lenin saw himself as a man of destiny, and firmly believed in the righteousness of his cause and his own ability as a revolutionary leader. He graduated from high school ranking first in his class. As an adolescent Lenin suffered two blows that unquestionably influenced his subsequent decision to take the path of revolution. Lenin spent much of the 17 years after his exile in Siberia in western Europe, during which time he became leader of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Worker’s Party. He was arrested and banished from Kazan to his grandfather’s estate in the village of Kokushkino, where his older sister Anna had already been ordered by the police to reside. Similarly, Volkogonov believed that "… After Russia’s last Tsar, Nicholas II, was overthrown in 1917, Lenin returned home and began working against the provisional government that had replaced him. Learning from history, we would do well to question what we are told, and hold our political leaders accountable by calling truth to power. But by the December he had been expelled for taking part in a student protest. His birth name was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov. Politicians. Another Soviet Communist leader, Leonid Brezhnev, discouraged the disagreements that were propagated during Khru… Here’s part one of the 15 item list. info) (22 April 1870 – 21 January 1924) was a Russian lawyer, revolutionary, the leader of the Bolshevik party and of the October Revolution.He was the first leader of the USSR and the government that took over Russia in 1917. He was the founder of the organization known as Comintern (Communist International) and the posthumous source of “Leninism,” the doctrine codified and conjoined with Karl Marx’s works by Lenin’s successors to form Marxism-Leninism, which became the Communist worldview. Hundreds of thousands of people are estimated to have been killed during this campaign. By 1922, this war had mostly been won by the Bolsheviks. Lenin's embalmed body is displayed in Moscow's Red Square. Lenin was good in school and learned the Latin and Greek languages. NOW 50% OFF! But, despite the comfortable circumstances of their upbringing, all five of the Ulyanov children who reached maturity joined the revolutionary movement. 101 Facts About Vladimir Lenin. He proved to be a very controversial figure, and his successors proved no less controversial, but he left an indelible mark on Russia and … But although he survived, he was seriously ill by the end of 1921, with some attributing his sickness to metal oxidation from the bullets that were lodged in his body from the assassination attempt. Taurus Politician #2. Vladimir Lenin (left) with Joseph Stalin ' Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov , better known as ' (22 April 1870 – 21 January 1924) was a Russian lawyer , revolutionary , and the leader of the Bolshevik party and of the October Revolution . As founder of the All-Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) and leader of the Bolshevik coup d'état (1917), Vladimir Lenin created the Soviet Union. Lenin's parents were both well educated and his father was a teacher. Born In 1870. Here are 10 facts about him. As a kid he was one of the best students in his school, but when he became an adult he no longer followed all the rules. This was not an uncommon phenomenon in tsarist Russia, where even the highly educated and cultured intelligentsia were denied elementary civil and political rights. Many of his contemporaries suffered the same fate but in Lenin’s case at least it wasn’t all bad – it was in Siberia that he met and married his wife, Nadezhda Krupskaya. Following a public speech in Moscow in August 1918, Lenin was shot and badly injured. Biographer Louis Fischer described him as "a lover of radical change and maximum upheaval", a man for whom "there was never a middle-ground. In autumn 1887 Lenin enrolled in the faculty of law of the imperial Kazan University (later renamed Kazan [V.I. The attack generated much sympathy for him amongst the public and boosted his popularity. His followers, the In the autumn of 1888, the authorities permitted him to return to Kazan but denied him readmission to the university. And when his socialist model began to stall, he introduced the New Economic Policy in 1921. Lenin was a psuedonymn Vladimir Ilyich Lenin was born in 1870 as Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov. During this period of enforced idleness, he met exiled revolutionaries of the older generation and avidly read revolutionary political literature, especially Marx’s Das Kapital. Politician. Questions and answers about Russian revolutionary leader Vladimir Lenin. Even if you are unfamiliar with the ins and outs of Vladimir Lenin’s personal story, you will no doubt have heard of his name and the political theory he developed – and which is named for him. Lenin was born into a well-educated family and went on to study law at Kazan University in August 1887. He went to university and got a different perspective about government and life at the same time that his older brother was arrested by the czar, the king of Russia. During the period of the Soviet Union, Marxism-Leninism had different interpretations based on the era of the Soviet Communist Party leaders. He became the leader of the Red Army who recruited the militias under his wing. Number Eight: He Avenged His Brother’s Death. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. (He adopted the pseudonym Lenin in 1901 during his clandestine party work after exile in Siberia.) Lenin married Nadezhda Krupskaya on July 22, 1898. 44 Revolutionary Facts About Vladimir Lenin. Lenin… Vladimir Lenin died on January 21, 1924, in Gorki, Russia. Lenin Facts & Worksheets Lenin facts and information activity worksheet pack and fact file. Vladimir Lenin Facts 44. He was promised bread for the workers, while the peasants had their land. First, his father was threatened shortly before his untimely death with premature retirement by a reactionary government that had grown fearful of the spread of public education. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). As he grew up he became increasingly involved in the revolutionary movement of the late 1800s. Growing up Lenin attended school and was an excellent student. He loved to play chess as well enjoying the outdoors activities. Author of articles on Russian and Soviet history. He became exposed to radical political ideas at university The main building of Kazan University, pictured in 1832. Among the many instances of political repression and mass killings for which he is held responsible are the arrests and executions that constituted the so-called “Red Terror” campaign of the civil war. Includes 5 activities aimed at students 11-14 years old (KS3) & 5 activities aimed at students 14-16 year old (GCSE). Vladimir Lenin was born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov to Ilya Ulyanov and Maria Blank at Simbirsk, Russia. At the age of 16, IIlya his father died. Facts about Lenin tell the readers about the Russian communist revolutionary. This made Lenin begin to speak out against the czar and the government. But by the December he had been expelled for taking part in a student protest. Born in 1870 #1. Joseph Stalin. As the architect of the Soviet Union – or, as it was officially known, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) – he is an almighty historical figure whose actions determined the course of some of the biggest political events of the 20th century. He was the third of six children born into a close-knit, happy family of highly educated and cultured parents. Vladimir Lenin appeared as one of the famous figures during the Russian Revolution. Lenin was born into a well-educated family and went on to study law at Kazan University in August 1887. He was born on April 22nd, 1870 and died on January 21st, 1924. It was not uncommon for Russian revolutionaries to take aliases, partly as a way of confusing the authorities. He became a Marxist in January 1889. Well, If You Have the Down Time… In the 1890s, Lenin travelled western Europe to meet with Marxists and socialists outside of Russia. Lenin’s ideology was authoritarian in nature and he showed little mercy for political opponents. 1870 (28th April) Vladimir Lenin was baptised into the Russian Orthodox Church. Great for home study or to use within the classroom environment. He was an either-or, black-or-red exaggerator". Quite simply, Vladimir Lenin is the sad embodiment of the very problems that we face today – “post-truth politics” and manipulation based on “alternative facts”. His mother was a schoolteacher and his father was an education official (technically, his father's job made him and his family noblemen). 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